Copperheads have muscular, thick bodies and keeled (ridged) scales. Their heads are triangular and different from the neck, with a ridge between the eye and nostril. The copperhead is a member of the family Viperidae, which also includes rattlesnakes, cobras, and caimans. It is the only venomous snake in North America.
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What snake is mistaken for a copperhead?
The eastern ratsnake, also known as the blackrat snake, is the most commonly mistaken snake for a copperhead. The eastern ratsnake has a brown or gray pattern on a dark background. This pattern is often mistaken for copperheads, but it is actually the result of a mutation in a gene that codes for a pigment called melanin, which gives the rat snake its black coloration.
Ratnakes are found throughout the southeastern United States, from Florida to Georgia. They are also found in Canada, Mexico, Central America, and South America. They can grow to be as large as 6 feet long (1.8 m), and can reach a maximum weight of 2,500 pounds.
What states do copperhead snakes live?
It is found in northern Georgia and Alabama, north to Massachusetts and west to Illinois. Copperheads are the most common copperhead species in the United States, but they are not the only ones.
Are copperhead snakes fatal?
The eastern and central United States have a common species of venomous snake called the North American copperhead. Luckily, their venom is not among the most potent, and bites are rarely deadly; children, the elderly, and immunocompromised people are at the greatest risk of being bitten. legs. Most people recover within a few days, but some people may require hospitalization for a week or more.
What time of day are copperheads most active?
They are active during the cooler evening hours in the summer. During their most active months, Southern copperheads eat one single meal every three weeks. During this time, copperheads sometimes nest with other snake species.
They have the largest venom glands of any snake, and can inject up to 1,000 milligrams of venom into a human being in a single bite. Their venom is highly neurotoxic, which means that it is capable of causing brain damage and death in humans.
The venom of the southern copperhead is also highly toxic to other animals, such as birds, fish, amphibians, reptiles and mammals.
How do you keep copperheads away?
Remove piles of leaf debris, rocks, and trash from around the home to eliminate harborage areas of both the copperhead snakes and/or their food source. Tall grasses and vegetation should be removed from the home. Keep bushes clear of debris by trimming them.
Keep the snakes away from your pets by using snake repellants around the house and in the yard. If you have a snake problem, you may want to contact a professional snake control company.
What to do if you see a copperhead in your yard?
If you do see a copperhead, leave it alone or call a professional to relocate the snake to a safer place. You increase your chance of getting bitten by the venomous snake if you try to kill it.
Where do copperheads nest?
Dens are typically located near edges of these wetlands in dense, damp forested habitat. While waiting for their prey, copperheads will lie motionless in leaf litter or under debris. They consume mostly mice and small rodents, but will also eat small mammals such as rabbits. Copperheads are not aggressive and will not attack people or pets. However, they will bite if provoked. If you see a copperhead in your yard, do not approach it.
What animal kills copperheads?
The copperhead has owls and hawks. The snakes may also be preyed on by animals. In the wild, copperheads have been known to attack humans, but in captivity, they are rarely seen attacking humans. In fact, the only known attack on a human in the U.S. was by a man who was bitten while trying to catch a rattlesnake.